Do you have changes in color and thickness in the nails? … If so, surely you suffer from onychomycosis. It is an infection caused by fungi, which can affect the skin and hair. We give you the details and treatment below.
Who Suffers from Onychomycosis?
The prevalence of this disease has increased in recent years, and is influenced by climatic, professional and socioeconomic conditions. It is used to being more frequent in men than in women and the cases increase due to different factors such as: exposure to fungi in sports facilities, increase in diabetic people, population aging, and AIDS pandemic, among others. The picture is much more frequent in elderly and diabetic people, as well as in those who frequent swimming pools, gyms or professionals who wear closed shoes in hot and humid environments.
How do you Get it?
In general fungi can come from the soil, from another person or from some animals. These microorganisms tend to grow in humid and warm environments. An ideal environment are the swimming pools, showers and changing rooms of gymnasiums or sports facilities.
What are the Symptoms of Onychomycosis?
The main symptom is the alteration of the normal appearance of the nail, taking a yellowish green and brown color, associated with an increase in the thickness and desquamation of it. The picture is more frequent in the toenails; Many times it is associated with chronic foot infection, as is the case with athlete’s foot. Regularly does not present any other symptoms or discomfort, in fact most of the time can pass as a benign disease, which for some people does not represent more, than an aesthetic problem. The aspect to take into account lies in the fact that it often represents a systemic infection, that is to say that the fungus not only occurs in the nails but also in some other parts of the body, which makes it a major condition.
How is it Diagnosed?
The diagnosis is mainly clinical, that is, the doctor performs a physical examination and only by observing the nail can determine that it is onychomycosis. Although there are complementary laboratory tests, to determine the type of specific fungus that causes the disease.
What is the Treatment for Nail Fungus?
It depends on some clinical characteristics, taking into account the extent of the infection, whether it is a single affected nail or several, the time of evolution and the severity of the damage. Topical creams are used, depending on the case, oral medications and laser therapies. Like all diseases this can also be prevented, so we must eliminate the stagnation of water in the showers, avoid prolonged use of shoes that produce excessive sweating and of course have good hygiene. But if you already have the infection, do not let it evolve, get the appropriate treatment and do not allow further injuries.